Back in the day (as I understand it) it used to be common for competition to be an integral part of ranking in judo. I'm not talking about the points system, where you accumulate points toward your next rank by competing, etc... I'm talking about getting a bunch of folks together who want to advance to the next level and having a shiai amongst them and then promoting those who place in the competition. Sort of a trial-by-fire thing.
For example, the following is from the British Judo Association's website...
To attain a Dan grade, a judoka can enter an examination against other judoka of the same grade and, by demonstrating superiority over a cross-section of judoka at the same level, can win promotion to the next rank. Wins against judoka of the same grade or above in certain competitions may also count towards promotion. In this way, promotion through the Dan grades becomes increasingly difficult, since for each new grade the players will be of a higher standard. Judoka must also complete a competitive skills assessment that becomes progressively more demanding as they move through the Dan grades...
This is not necessarily the only way to rank, but it seems to be considered a standard.
I don't think this is a bad idea. In fact, this is a pretty good way to do quality control on your dan structure. There are some potential glitches though.
- Making rank by combat the standard and making it harder to advance technically (without combat) might make it more difficult to build a cadre of excellent teachers.
- When you have a small number of candidates for a high-rank shiai, you have to pull from a larger area. In a smaller country or organization, where are you going to get enough 5th dan candidates (for instance) to have a good pool of competitors for a 4th-to-5th dan promotion tournament? ...especially if you are going to divide the competitor pool into weight categories... Drawing aspirants from all across a nation can make for onerous travel and burdensome expense.
You want room in your art for folks with different ideas of what the art really is.
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